Наука. Общество. Оборона

2019. Т. 7. № 4

2311-1763

Online ISSN

Science. Society. Defense

2019. Vol. 7. № 4


UDC: 93/94:359

DOI: 10.24411/2311-1763-2019-10210

Submitted: March 24, 2019

Published online: April 30, 2019 


For citation:  Grebenshchikova G. A.,  Krotov P. A.,   Rassokho-Anokhina V. N.   Did  the activity of F.F. Ushakov to construction on Home Fleet? Nauka. Obshchestvo. Oborona = Science. Society. Defense. Moscow. T. 7. No. 4. 2019.  (In Russ.) DOI: 10.24411 / 2311-1763-2019-10210.

Conflict of Interest: No conflict of interest related to this article has been reported.

SCIENTIFIC PERSONNEL

Original Paper

Did  the activity of F.F. Ushakov to construction on Home Fleet? 

G.A. Grebenshchikova1P.A. Krotov2V.N. Rassokho-Anokhina3

St Petersburg Maritime Technical University, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation,

ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5925-334X, e-mail: inversiya@bk.ru

St Petersburg University, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation,

ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9465-4758, e-mail: pav_krotov.naval@mail.ru

JSC "Maritime Documentary Video Studio", St. Petersburg, Russian Federation,

ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7746-4431, e-mail: docfilm@mail.ru

Abstract:

Introduction. Vladimir D. Ovchinnikov, author of the dissertation research on the topic “The personality of Admiral F.F. Ushakov and the influence of his activity on the construction and use of the Russian fleet" for the degree of Doctor of Historical Sciences in the specialty of National history, allows for artificiality, exaggerating the role of Admiral F.F. Ushakov in the construction of the Black Sea Fleet.

Methods. Scientific analysis of archival documents, systematization of facts leads to conclusions about the role and importance of the flotation talent of Fedor F. Ushakov for the Russian Navy. According to the authors paper, V.D. Ovchinnikov relegates to the secondary plan the leadership of Russia and other persons of the hierarchical system that actually led and controlled the Black Sea Fleet. First of all, the Most High Prince G.A. Potemkin-Tavricheskogo and Black Sea Admiralty Board. The data of historical documents of the Russian State Archive of the Navy and the Russian National Library cited in the article confirm the point of view of the authors of the publication.

Conclusion. In Historical science, it is unacceptable to substitute concepts, to customize individual paragraphs taken from the context of a document to fit your concept, to build into a cult perception even deserved historical figures, attributing to them merits contrary to archival materials and the real state of affairs. The formulation of the topic of the dissertation research “The personality of Admiral Fedor F. Ushakov and the influence of his activities on the construction and use of the domestic fleet” contains a false thesis.

 

Keywords: 

Ushakov F.F., Potemkin G.A., Ovchinnikov V.D., dissertation research,

Vido Island, Corfu Island, naval art, Black Sea Fleet,

joining the Crimea to Russia, manning the ships 

References

  1. Ovchinnikov, V. D. 1993, V sluzhenii Otechestvu [In serving the Fatherland]. Yaroslavl': Debyut, 1993. (In Russ.)
  2. Rassokho-Anokhina, V. N. 2013, Gosudarstvennaya voyennaya, voyenno-diplomaticheskaya i blagotvoritel'naya deyatel'nost' admirala Fedora Fedorovicha Ushakova [State military, military diplomatic and charitable activities of Admiral Fedor Fedorovich Ushakov]. Dis. … k.i.n. M., 2013.  (In Russ.)   
  3. Ovchinnikov, V. D. 2017, Lichnost' admirala F.F. Ushakova i vliyaniye yego deyatel'nosti na stroitel'stvo i primeneniye otechestvennogo flota [The identity of Admiral F.F. Ushakov and the impact of his activities on the construction and use of the domestic fleet]. Dis. … k.i.n. M., 2017. (In Russ.)  
  4. Krotov, P. A. 2018, Strasti po admiralu F.F. Ushakovu [Passion for Admiral F.F. Ushakov]. Istoricheskiy vestnik. Voyna. Chelovek. Oruzhiye. 2018. T. 24.  (In Russ.) 
  5. Rossiyskiy  gosudarstvennyy arkhiv Voyenno-Morskogo Flota  (RGA VMF).  F. 315.  Op. 1. D. 963. L. 103. 
  6. RGA VMF. F. 197. Op. 1. D. 44. L. 46.
  7. RGA VMF. F. 243. Op. 1. D. 5. L. 122 ob. 
  8. RGA VMF. F. 197. Op.1. D. 12. Bumagi knyazya Potemkina. 1790–1793 gg. L. 15–16. 
  9. RGA VMF. F. 245. Op. 1. D. 54. L. 1–1 ob., 5 ob. 
  10. RGA VMF F. 197. Op. 1. D. 52. L. 2. Doneseniye kontr-admirala N.S. Mordvinova G.A. Potomkinu ot 29 iyunya 1788 goda. 
  11. Voyennaya entsiklopediya. M., 2004. T. 8. 
  12. Polnoye Sobraniye Zakonov Rossiyskoy Imperii. T. XXII. № 15 929.   
  13. Rossiyskaya natsional'naya biblioteka. Otdel rukopisey. F. 484. D. 58. L. 175. 
  14. Mordvinov, R. N. 1951, 1952, 1956,  F.F. Ushakov. Materialy [F.F. Ushakov. Materials]. M. 1951. T. I. 851 s.; 1952. T. 2. 654 s.; 1956.  T. 3. 591 s. (In Russ.) 
  15. Stanislavskaya, A. M. 1983, Politicheskaya deyatel'nost' F.F. Ushakova v Gretsii [The political activity of F.F. Ushakov in Greece]. M.: Nauka, 1983. (In Russ.)
  16. Grebenshchikova, G. A. 2012, Chernomorskiy flot v period pravleniya Yekateriny II [The Black Sea Fleet during the reign of Catherine II]. Ostrov, 2012. T. I. 511 c.; T. 2. 559 s. (In Russ.)
  17. Grebenshchikova, G. A. 2013, Rossiya i Turtsiya na etape peremen: Voyenno-politicheskiy soyuz pri imperatore Pavle [Russia and Turkey at the stage of change: Military-political alliance under Emperor Paul]. – Klio. 2013. № 1. (In Russ.)
  18. RGA VMF. F. 245. Op. 1. D. 12. L. 4, 16. Ordera Svetleyshego knyazya G.A. Potomkina-Tavricheskogo  starshemu  chlenu  Chernomorskogo Admiralteyskogo Pravleniya kapitanu 1 ranga N.S. Mordvinovu.
  19. Rassokho-Anokhina, V. N., Karnaukhov, M. V., Chuprakov, YU. K. 2017, Ob"yektivnost' i polnota issledovaniya deyatel'nosti Admirala F.F. Ushakova [Objectivity and completeness of the research activities of Admiral F.F. Ushakov]. – Nauka. Obshchestvo. Oborona = Science. Society. Defense. 2017. № 4. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.24411/2311-1763-2017-00040 

Information about the authors 

Galina A. Grebenshchikova, Dr. Sci. (History), Head of the Fleet and Navigation History Laboratory, St Petersburg Maritime Technical University, St Petersburg, Russian Federation.

Pavel A. Krotov, Dr. Sci. (History), Professor, St Petersburg University, St Petersburg, Russian Federation.

Valentina N. Rassokho-Anokhina, Cand. Sci. (History), general manager, JSC "Maritime Documentary Video Studio", St Petersburg, Russian Federation.

Corresponding author

Galina A. Grebenshchikova, e-mail: inversiya@bk.ru.

Наука. Общество. Оборона

2019. Т. 7. № 4

2311-1763

Online ISSN

Science. Society. Defense

2019. Vol. 7. № 4


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