Наука. Общество. Оборона
2019. Т. 7. № 4
Science. Society. Defense
2019. Vol. 7. № 4
Submitted: February 15, 2019
Published online: June 18, 2019
For citation: Nikiforov G. S., Dudchenko Z. F., Rodionova E. A., Dominiak V. I. Psychology of health in Russia: the history of formation. Nauka. Obshchestvo. Oborona = Science. Society. Defense. Moscow. T. 7. No. 4. 2019. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.24411 / 2311-1763-2019-10214.
Acknowledgements: The article was prepared with the support of the RFBR grant, project number 18-013-00568.
Conflict of Interest: No conflict of interest related to this article has been reported.
Vladimir M. Bekhterev
Ivan M. Balinsky
Ivan P. Merzheevsky
Mikhail V. Lomonosov
Matvey Y. Mudrov
Sergey S. Korsakov
Psychology of health in Russia: the history of formation
G. S. Nikiforov1, Z. F. Dudchenko2, Е. А. Rodionova3, V. I. Dominiak4
1 St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation,
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2016-7882, е-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation,
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8225-7683, е-mail: email@example.com
3 St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation,
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8172-0637, е-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
4 St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation,
ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3550-0470, е-mail: email@example.com
Introduction. Research of health problems is one of priority directions of foreign and domestic (Russian) psychology and makes a basis of the independent psychological discipline which have received the name of health psychology in which frameworks interest to a problem of occupational health becomes every year more and more appreciable. Despite wide enough spectrum of the theoretical approaches substantially connected with studying of a phenomenon of occupational health, this problem hasn't received complete and regular scientific analysis in psychology. The powerful contribution to working out of the named problem can bring occupational health psychology as a new scientifically-practical direction which develops on a joint of such applied disciplines as health psychology, organizational psychology and work psychology.
The psychology of occupational health studies the psychological, social and organizational aspects of the complex dynamic interaction between human health and work. The humanistic nature of the new scientific and practical direction is associated with ensuring the safety and reliability of professional activities, increasing its efficiency, creating healthy jobs, improving the quality of professional life, as well as ensuring professional longevity.
Methods. The article discusses the contribution of the Eastern tradition to the modern psychology of health. The main milestones of the design of health psychology in an independent scientific direction in Russia are traced. The concept of a healthy personality, proposed by Academician V.M. Bekhterev. It is believed that it was he who, for the first time, comprehensively proposed for analysis the topic of the mental health of the Russian people. The article focuses on the health of a healthy person as a basic concept of health psychology. The authors propose to consider the person from the standpoint of an integrated approach, considering the person in his integrity as a complex multilevel education. The main research directions in this new field of knowledge in Russia are considered.
Conclusion. The psychology of health is still going through a stage of its formation both in foreign and domestic (Russian) psychology. Its problematic draws heightened attention to itself and is already regularly discussed at psychological congresses, conferences and symposia.
Eastern tradition, history, psychology of health, Russia, healthy person,
V. M. Bekhterev, healthy person, nation health, research
Information about the authors
German S. Nikiforov, Dr. Sci. (Psychology), Head of the Department of Psychological Support of St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation.
Zoya F. Dudchenko, Cand. Sci. (Psychology), Assoc. Prof., St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation.
Elena A. Rodionova, Cand. Sci. (Pedagogy), Assoc. Prof., St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation.
Vladislav I. Dominiak, Cand. Sci. (Psychology), Assoc. Prof., St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation.
Elena A. Rodionova, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.