Наука. Общество. Оборона

2019. Т. 7. № 4

2311-1763

Online ISSN

Science. Society. Defense

2019. Vol. 7. № 4


UDC: 94(100) «1939/45» 

DOI: 10.24411/2311-1763-2019-10216

Submitted: March 25, 2019

Published online: July 08, 2019 


For citation: Grishin Y. Y., Galiullin M. Z., Tumanin V. E. The catastrophe of September 1939, and its origins (pages of documents). Nauka. Obshchestvo. Oborona = Science. Society. Defense. Moscow. T. 7. No. 4. 2019.  (In Russ.) DOI: 10.24411 / 2311-1763-2019-10216.

Conflict of Interest: No conflict of interest related to this article has been reported.

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

Original Paper

The catastrophe of September 1939, and its origins (pages of documents) 

Y. Y. Grishin1M. Z. Galiullin2V. E. Tumanin3

Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Kazan, Russian Federation,

ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9453-6070, e-mail: grishin.42@mail.ru

Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Kazan, Russian Federation,

ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3798-4328, e-mail: maratscorpion@yandex.com

Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Kazan, Russian Federation,

ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9260-3217, e-mail: v.tumanin@mail.ru

Abstract:

Introduction. In 2019 marks 80 years since the beginning of the World War II and the German aggression against Poland. These events have caused great interest. They are a field of different and often distinctive interpretations, polemics about the origins of the September tragedy.

Methods. The authors on the basis of the original Soviet, Polish and English sources consider the events preceding the beginning of the World War II. In the Polish and foreign media, the issue of Polish-Soviet relations is particularly raised, and in a distorted form. The origins and circumstances of the Reich's aggression against Poland, the position of its Western allies, who, despite their obligations, left it to its own devices, the issues of responsibility of the Polish government and the sanation camp for foreign policy, discarding the idea of reconciliation with the Soviet Union even in a period of mortal danger to the people – all this, as a rule, moves to the far corner, is deliberately concealed or distorted during the polemic. At the same time, forgetfulness and disregard of historical documents of great importance are manifested, although many of them have long been published in various countries. This also applies to Polish-German relations in the 30s of the XX century.

Conclusion. In a series of articles, the authors searched to convey to readers the fact that the Polish leadership, trying to simultaneously play a diplomatic gambit on several boards, focusing on London with Paris and Berlin, sacrificed the most important thing for the Polish population – security. Difficult negotiations in Moscow diplomatic missions of England and France did not lead to the proper result of the parties, this was the reason for the signing of the Treaty on non-aggression of the USSR and Germany. In this complex diplomatic game, where Poland was supposed to take the side of Germany against the Soviet Union and be a subject of international politics, Warsaw became the object of aggression by Berlin and betrayal of London and Paris.

 

Ending. Start see: Nauka. Obshchestvo. Oborona = Science. Society. Defense. 2019. №2(19) №3(20).

Keywords: 

 history, international relations, World War II, USSR, Poland, Germany, 

aggression, J. Beck, the demarcation line, V. Sikorsky

 

References

  1. Beck J., 1987, Ostatni raport [Last report]. PIW: Warszawa, 238 s. (In Polish). 
  2. Cialowicz J., 1970, Polsko-francuski sojusz wojskowy [Polish-French military Union] 1921-1939. Warszawa. 619 s. (In Polish). 
  3. Cyprian T., Sawicki J., 1946, Agresja na Polskę w świetle dokumentów [Aggression against Poland, in light of documents] T. II. Warszawa. S.133-142. (In Polish).
  4. Documents on German Foreign Policy 1918-1945, Series D (1937-1939).  London,  1959. Vol. VIII. S.69. 
  5. Henderson N., 1970, Nieudana misja [Failed mission]. Berlin 1937–1939, Warszawa. S. 202-203 (In Polish).
  6. Międzynarodowe tło agresji Rzeszy Niemieckiej na Polskę w 1939 roku [International background of the third Reich aggression against Poland in 1939], 1986, Warszawa: Krajowa Agencja Wydawnicza. 201 s. (In Polish).
  7. Nazarewicz R. 1984, U Zródeł tragedii wrzesniowej 1939 [At the origins of the September tragedy 1939]. - Sprawy Międzynarodowe. 1984. № 9. S. 98-103. (In Polish).
  8. Nowe drogi [New road]. 1978. №10. S. 71-82. (In Polish).
  9. Stаzenski P., 1972, Trzy lata z Beckiem [Three years with Beck]. Londyn. 288 s.  (In Polish).
  10. Wojna obronna Polski 1939. Wybór zródeł [Poland's defensive war in 1939. Source selection]. 1961, Warszawa. S. 247-250. (In Polish).
  11. Vneshnyaya politika SSSR: Sbornik dokumentov [Soviet foreign policy: collection of documents], 1946, Volume IV (1935 - June 1941): Sostavitel' A.S. Tisminecz. M. 647 s. (In Russ.).
  12. Interv'yu glavy sovetskoj voennoj missii K. E. Voroshilova o peregovorakh s voennymi missiyami Velikobritanii i Frantsii [Interview the head of the Soviet military mission K. J. Voroshilov about negotiations with military missions in the United Kingdom and France]. - Izvestiya. 1939. 27 Augusta. (In Russ.).
  13. Nakanune vtoroj mirovoj vojny: Ocherk mezhdunar. politiki [On the eve of World War II: Essay intern. policy], 1982. V. Sipols, M. Kharlamov. M.: Izd. "News" press agency, 295 p. (In Russ.).
  14. Soglashenie mezhdu Pravitel'stvom SSSR i Pol'skim Pravitel'stvom. [Agreement between the Government of the Soviet Union and the Polish Government]. - Pravda. 1941. 31 Iyulya. (In Russ.).
  15. Churchill W. 1997, Vtoraya mirovaya vojna [The World War II]. In 6 t. T. 1. Moscow: Terra. 336 p. (In Russ.). 

 

Information about the authors 

Yakov Y.  Grishin, Dr. Sci. (History), Prof. of the Department of international relations, world politics and diplomacy, Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Kazan, Russian Federation.

 

Marat Z. Galiullin, Cand. Sci. (History), Assoc. Prof. of the Department of regional studies and Eurasian studies of  Kazan (Volga) Federal University, Kazan, Russian Federation.

 

Victor E. Tumanin, Cand. Sci. (History), Assoc. Prof. of the Department of regional studies and Eurasian studies of  Kazan (Volga) Federal University, Kazan, Russian Federation.

 

Corresponding author

Marat Z. Galiullin, e-mail: maratscorpion@yandex.com.

Наука. Общество. Оборона

2019. Т. 7. № 4

2311-1763

Online ISSN

Science. Society. Defense

2019. Vol. 7. № 4


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