Наука. Общество. Оборона
2019. Т. 7. № 4
Science. Society. Defense
2019. Vol. 7. № 4
UDC: 94(100) «1939/45»
Submitted: March 25, 2019
Published online: July 08, 2019
For citation: Grishin Y. Y., Galiullin M. Z., Tumanin V. E. The catastrophe of September 1939, and its origins (pages of documents). Nauka. Obshchestvo. Oborona = Science. Society. Defense. Moscow. T. 7. No. 4. 2019. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.24411 / 2311-1763-2019-10216.
Conflict of Interest: No conflict of interest related to this article has been reported.
The catastrophe of September 1939, and its origins (pages of documents)
Y. Y. Grishin1, M. Z. Galiullin2, V. E. Tumanin3
1 Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Kazan, Russian Federation,
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9453-6070, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
2 Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Kazan, Russian Federation,
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3798-4328, e-mail: email@example.com
3 Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Kazan, Russian Federation,
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9260-3217, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Introduction. In 2019 marks 80 years since the beginning of the World War II and the German aggression against Poland. These events have caused great interest. They are a field of different and often distinctive interpretations, polemics about the origins of the September tragedy.
Methods. The authors on the basis of the original Soviet, Polish and English sources consider the events preceding the beginning of the World War II. In the Polish and foreign media, the issue of Polish-Soviet relations is particularly raised, and in a distorted form. The origins and circumstances of the Reich's aggression against Poland, the position of its Western allies, who, despite their obligations, left it to its own devices, the issues of responsibility of the Polish government and the sanation camp for foreign policy, discarding the idea of reconciliation with the Soviet Union even in a period of mortal danger to the people – all this, as a rule, moves to the far corner, is deliberately concealed or distorted during the polemic. At the same time, forgetfulness and disregard of historical documents of great importance are manifested, although many of them have long been published in various countries. This also applies to Polish-German relations in the 30s of the XX century.
Conclusion. In a series of articles, the authors searched to convey to readers the fact that the Polish leadership, trying to simultaneously play a diplomatic gambit on several boards, focusing on London with Paris and Berlin, sacrificed the most important thing for the Polish population – security. Difficult negotiations in Moscow diplomatic missions of England and France did not lead to the proper result of the parties, this was the reason for the signing of the Treaty on non-aggression of the USSR and Germany. In this complex diplomatic game, where Poland was supposed to take the side of Germany against the Soviet Union and be a subject of international politics, Warsaw became the object of aggression by Berlin and betrayal of London and Paris.
history, international relations, World War II, USSR, Poland, Germany,
aggression, J. Beck, the demarcation line, V. Sikorsky
Information about the authors
Yakov Y. Grishin, Dr. Sci. (History), Prof. of the Department of international relations, world politics and diplomacy, Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Kazan, Russian Federation.
Marat Z. Galiullin, Cand. Sci. (History), Assoc. Prof. of the Department of regional studies and Eurasian studies of Kazan (Volga) Federal University, Kazan, Russian Federation.
Victor E. Tumanin, Cand. Sci. (History), Assoc. Prof. of the Department of regional studies and Eurasian studies of Kazan (Volga) Federal University, Kazan, Russian Federation.
Marat Z. Galiullin, e-mail: email@example.com.