Наука. Общество. Оборона
2019. Т. 7. № 4
Science. Society. Defense
2019. Vol. 7. № 4
Submitted: April 30, 2019
Published online: July 10, 2019
For citation: Lupanova E. M. Wood transportation from Kazan’ region to St. Petersburg ship-building yards in the 18th – first half of the 19th century. Nauka. Obshchestvo. Oborona = Science. Society. Defense. Moscow. T. 7. No. 4. 2019. (In Russ.) DOI: 10.24411 / 2311-1763-2019-10217.
Conflict of Interest: No conflict of interest related to this article has been reported.
ARMY, GOVERNMENT, SOCIETY
Wood transportation from Kazan’ region to St. Petersburg ship-building yards in the 18th – first half of the 19th century
E. M. Lupanova1
1 Peter the Great Museum of Antropology and Ethnography (Kunstkamera) RAS,
St. Petersburg, Russian Federation,
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0266-2887, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Introduction. Timber cutting and transportation was an important part preparations to a sailing ship building. The questions of techniques and organization of different kinds and stages of transportation are under consideration in the article. They are the preparation of logs to the transportation, loading, unloading, ship-masters’ inspections, tug, rafting, steam driving, barging; the role of transportation in price formation is shown as well.
Methods. The study of technologies is important for understanding of historic realities, as technologies determined the possibilities of industry, trade, army and together with it – the economy of state, social and political relations. The technologies of timber stockpiling, transportation and storage played a special role in the 18-19th centuries as they were the stages of preparation to a sailing ship building and so the existence of Empire’s capable navy depended on the success of these activities. The article is an attempt of complex study of the wood transportation process.
Conclusion. The studies materials lead to the conclusions that the price of the materials depended on the efforts needed for the transportation; the problems of the material damaging during the transportation and storage sometimes stultified the transporting efforts. The author describes the technique of tug and different kinds of drive.
Sailing navy, material transportation, timber costs, 18th century,
technique, tug, barge, sorting and culling, storage
Information about the author
Yevgenia M. Lupanova, Cand. Sci. (History), Senior researcher of the Department of history of the Kunstkamera and Russian science of the 18th century (M. V. Lomonosov’s museum) MAE RAS, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation.
Yevgenia M. Lupanova, e-mail: email@example.com.