Наука. Общество. Оборона

2020. Т. 8. № 1


Online ISSN

Science. Society. Defense

2020. Vol. 8. № 1

Online First

UDC: 327

DOI: 10.24411/2311-1763-2020-10220

Submitted: July 14, 2019

Published online: November 16, 2019 

For citation:  Sharafutdinov D. R., Islamov D. R. Russian Federation and European Union: dialogue in regional policy on the example of the Western Balkans (2014–2018). Nauka. Obshchestvo. Oborona = Science. Society. Defense. Moscow. 2020;8(1): - . (In Russ.) DOI: 10.24411/2311-1763-2020-10220.

Conflict of Interest: No conflict of interest related to this article has been reported.


Original Paper

Russian Federation and European Union:

dialogue in regional policy on the example of the Western Balkans


D. R. Sharafutdinov1D. R. Islamov2

Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Kazan, Russian Federation,

ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0002-8897-8593, е-mail: sfincs_88@mail.ru

Kazan (Volga region) Federal University, Kazan, Russian Federation,

ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1338-3277, е-mail: dam1948@yandex.ru 


Introduction. The Western Balkans was an arena of military clashes and tensions in the 1990s and commenced to stabilize in the 2000s. In the course of these recent years, it has become extremely obvious that the Western Balkans has been turning into a “chessboard” where great powers, including the Russian Federation and the European Union (EU), would like to play their game. 

Methods. The study of the topic required the application of scientific research methods: analysis and synthesis, descriptive method, as well as special methods such as a historical critical method, a legal and political analysis, an in-depth and systematic analysis which allowed to reveal this issue in chronological order and to consider the actions of the EU and the Russian Federation in the Western Balkans.

Conclusion. Despite the disputes between Russia and the EU in the  Western Balkans, it is apparent that great powers desire to keep this region stable and secure. The Western Balkans is an integral energy route (TurkStream) for Russia. In turn the EU has the immediate border with the region and the Balkan route of migration flows, drug-trafficking, arms trade, crime, etc. are topical issues for the organization. 



 EU, European integration policy, Russian foreign policy, Serbia, Western Balkans,

EU accession negotiations, negotiation process, energy, Turk Stream


  1. Vuchich zayavil o podderzhke Serbiej stroitel'stva «Tureckogo potoka». – URL: https://russian.rt.com/world/news/510497-vuchich-tureckii-potok-rossiya  (Data obrashcheniya: 10.05.2018) [Vuchich said about Serbia's support for the «Turkish stream».] (In Russ.).
  2. Vuchich zayavil, chto Serbiya mozhet polozhit'sya na Putina i nikogda ne vvedet sankcii protiv RF. – URL: https://tass.ru/mezhdunarodnaya-panorama/5211684  (Data obrashcheniya: 18.05.2018) [Vuchich said that Serbia can rely on Putin will never impose sanctions against Russia.] (In Russ.).
  3. Vystuplenie i diskussiya na Myunhenskoj konferencii po voprosam politiki bezopasnosti. – URL: http://www.kremlin.ru/events/president/transcripts/24034    (Data obrashcheniya: 29.10.2018) [Presentation and discussion at the international conference which concerns the questions of security policy.] (In Russ.). 
  4. «Gazprom» vozrozhdaet proekt v malom masshtabe. – URL: https://www.kommersant.ru/doc/3344111  (Data obrashcheniya: 17.08.2017) [«Gazprom» revives the project on a small scale.] (In Russ.).
  5. Glava Horvatii: antirossijskie sankcii b'yut po nashim biznesmenam. – URL: https://www.vesti.ru/doc.html?id=2944847  (Data obrashcheniya: 11.03.2018) [The head of Croatia: «The sanctions against Russia hurt our businessman».] (In Russ.).
  6. Greciya i Vengriya podtverdili namerenie uchastvovat' v «Tureckom potoke». – URL: https://www.rbc.ru/economics/08/04/2015/5524f3049a79477b8825060e (Data obrashcheniya: 29.10.2018) [Greece and Hungary confirmed their intention to take part in the «Turkish stream».] (In Russ.).
  7. Kirillov V.B., Bulannikova YU.A. 2015, Mezhdunarodnye otnosheniya i vneshnyaya politika balkanskih stran: 1856-2014: uchebnik / V.B. Kirillov, YU.A. Bulannikova. – M.: «MGIMO – Universitet», 2015. – 340 s. [Kirillov V.B., Bulannikova YU.A. International relations and foreign policy of the Balkan countries: 1856-2014: textbook / V.B. Kirillov, YU.A. Bulannikova. – M.: «MGIMO – University». – 340 p.] (In Russ.).
  8. Koncepciya vneshnej politiki Rossijskoj Federacii (utverzhdena Prezidentom Rossijskoj Federacii V.V. Putinym  30 noyabrya 2016 g.). – URL: https://www.garant.ru/products/ipo/prime/doc/71452062 (Data obrashcheniya: 29.10.2018) [The concept of foreign policy of Russian Federation (approved by the President of Russian Federation V.V. Putin 30 november 2016 y. ).] (In Russ.).
  9. Kuda potechet "goluboe toplivo" iz "Tureckogo potoka". – URL: https://rg.ru/2018/11/22/kuda-potechet-goluboe-toplivo-iz-tureckogo-potoka.html  (Data obrashcheniya: 22.11.2018) [Where the blue fuel will flow from the «Turkish stream».] (In Russ.).
  10. Lavrov: "Tureckij potok" budet prodlen lish' pri poluchenii garantij ot ЕS. – URL: https://www.kp.ru/online/news/3299542  (Data obrashcheniya: 17.11.2018) [Lavrov: the «Turkish stream» will be extended only upon receipt of guarantees from the European Union.] (In Russ.).
  11. Lavrov: RF ne vidit problem v stremlenii balkanskih stran stat' chast'yu ЕS. – URL: https://ria.ru/20180302/1515631040.html (Data obrashcheniya: 16.05.2018) [Lavrov: RF doesn’t see a problem in the desire of the Balkan countries to become part of the European Union.] (In Russ.).
  12. Mezhdu Moskvoj i Bryusselem [Between Moscow and Brussels / Executive editor K. V. Nikiforov. M.: «Institute of Slavonic studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences», 2016. — 336 p.] (In Russ.).
  13. Mezhgosudarstvennye otnosheniya Rossii i Serbii. – URL: https://ria.ru/20181002/1529697585.html  (Data obrashcheniya: 11.10.2018) [International relations of Russia and Serbia.] (In Russ.).
  14. Mezhgosudarstvennye otnosheniya Rossii i Horvatii. – URL: https://ria.ru/20180715/1524549229.html  (Data obrashcheniya: 11.10.2018) [International relations of Russia and Croatia.] (In Russ.) .
  15. Ob"em dvustoronnej torgovli mezhdu Rossiej i Serbiej vyros na 23% v 2017 godu– URL: https://tass.ru/forumsochi2018/articles/4969030 (Data obrashcheniya: 18.05.2018) [Bilateral trade volume between Russia and Serbia increased by 23 percent in 2017 y.] (In Russ.).
  16. Respublika Serbskaya planiruet usilit' sotrudnichestvo s «Gazpromom». – URL: https://ria.ru/20180921/1529108704.html (Data obrashcheniya: 11.10.2018) [Serbia plans to increase cooperation with «Gazprom».] (In Russ.).
  17. Serbiya privela armiyu v polnuyu boevuyu gotovnost' iz-za dejstvij Kosovo. – URL: https://www.rbc.ru/politics/29/09/2018/5baf698c9a7947971f75c29c   (Data obrashcheniya: 29.09.2018) [Serbia brought the army into full combat readiness because of the actions of Kosovo.] (In Russ.).
  18. "Tureckij potok" mozhet dojti do Bolgarii. – URL: https://rg.ru/2018/05/30/tureckij-potok-mozhet-dojti-do-bolgarii.html (Data obrashcheniya: 30.05.2018) [«Turkish stream» can reach Bulgaria.]  (In Russ.) .
  19. Cipras: Greciya vedet dialog s Bryusselem po voprosu prodleniya "Tureckogo potoka" v ЕS. – URL: https://tass.ru/ekonomika/5880180 (Data obrashcheniya: 06.12.2018) [Cyprus: Greece is in dialogue with Brussels on the extension of the «Turkish stream» in the European Union.] (In Russ.).
  20. Agreement on the establishment of  the RYCO [Electronic resource]. – URL https://ec.europa.eu/neighbourhood-enlargement/sites/near/files/pdf/policy-highlights/regional-cooperation/20150828_addendum_western_balkans_summit.pdf  (Date of access: 19.11.2017) (in Eng.). 
  21. Accession to the European Union and Perception of External Actors in the Western Balkans. Edited by D. Jović. Croatian International Relations Review, Sciendo, vol. 24(83), P. 6-32, 2018 (in Eng.). 
  22. Association/Community of Serb majority municipalities in Kosovo – general principles/main elements. – URL: https://eeas.europa.eu/archives/docs/statements-eeas/docs/150825_02_association-community-of-serb-majority-municipalities-in-kosovo-general-principles-main-elements_en.pdf (Date of access: 01.11.2017) (in Eng.) .
  23. Belgrade – Kosovo Agreement Text Published. – URL: https://inserbia.info/today/2013/04/belgrade-kosovo-agreement-text-published/  (Date of access: 16.10.2017) (in Eng.).
  24. Connecting_Western_Balkans_EN. –  URL: https://goo.gl/trXZix  (Date of access: 06.08.2018) (in Eng.).
  25. EU-Kommissar Hahn: "Die Russen ärgern uns, aber das ist es auch schon" - derstandard.at/2000054452553/EU-Kommissar-Hahn-Die-Russen-aergern-uns-aber-das-ist. –  URL: https://derstandard.at/2000054452553/EU-Kommissar-Hahn-Die-Russen-aergern-uns-aber-das-ist  (Date of access: 09.03.2018) (in German).
  26. Joint Declaration Adopted by Western Balkans Foreign Ministers in Vienna – Countries Will Not Obstruct Neighbours’ Progress in EU Integrations. – URL: http://balkanfund.org/2015/08/joint-declaration-adopted-by-western-balkans-governments-representatives-in-vienna-countries-will-not-obstruct-neighbours-progress-in-eu-integrations  (Date of access: 21.10.2017) (in Eng.) . 
  27. Kosovo Serb Leader, Is Killed. – URL: https://www.nytimes.com/2018/01/16/world/europe/kosovo-serb-oliver-ivanovic-killed.html  (Date of access: 18.01.2018) (in Eng.).
  28. Montenegro Resorts to 'Russian Threat' to Prove 'NATO is Paradise' to Its People. – URL: https://sputniknews.com/politics/201706111054524670-nato-accession-montenegro (Date of access:  07.11.2017) (in Eng.) .
  29. Serbia-Kosovo train row escalates to military threat. – URL: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-38630152  (Date of access: 07.11.2017) (in Eng.).
  30. Six new flagship initiatives to support the transformation of the Western Balkans. – URL: https://ec.europa.eu/commission/sites/beta-political/files/six-flagship-initiatives-support-transformation-western-balkans_en.pdf (Date of access: 08.02.2018) (in Eng.).
  31. Tensions soar over plans for Kosovo's national army. – URL: https://www.dailysabah.com/balkans/2018/12/07/tensions-soar-over-plans-for-kosovos-national-army  (Date of access: 07.12.2018) (in Eng.) .
  32. Thaçi: The US to be involved in Belgrade – Pristina dialogue. – URL: https://europeanwesternbalkans.com/2017/09/30/thaci-us-involved-belgrade-pristina-dialogue  (Date of access: 02.11.2017) (in Eng.).
  33. The Western Balkans' Berlin process: A new impulse for regional cooperation [Electronic resource]/ European Parliament. – 2016. – URL: http://www.europarl.europa.eu/RegData/etudes/BRIE/2016/586602/EPRS_BRI%282016%29586602_EN.pdf   (Date of access: 06.03.2018) (in Eng.).
  34. Turkey, Russia pursue gas pipe dream as EU frets. – URL: https://www.reuters.com/article/us-russia-turkey-turkstream/turkey-russia-pursue-gas-pipe-dream-as-eu-frets-idUSKCN10C2NT  (Date of access: 08.04.2018) (in Eng.).
  35. Vienna Western Balkans Summit 2015. Addendum. [Electronic resource]. – URL: https://ec.europa.eu/neighbourhood-enlargement/sites/near/files/pdf/policy-highlights/regional-cooperation/20150828_addendum_western_balkans_summit.pdf (Date of access: 19.10.2017) (in Eng.).


Information about the authors 

Denis R. Sharafutdinov, Cand. Sci. (History), Senior lecturer at the Department of International Relations, World Politics and Diplomacy, Institute of International Relations, Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University, Kazan, Russian Federation.


Damir R. Islamov,  2nd year master's student at the Department of International Relations, World Politics and Diplomacy, Institute of International Relations, Kazan (Volga Region) Federal University, Kazan, Russian Federation.

Corresponding author

Denis R. Sharafutdinov, e-mail: sfincs_88@mail.ru.

Наука. Общество. Оборона

2020. Т. 8. № 1


Online ISSN

Science. Society. Defense

2020. Vol. 8. № 1


Без знания прошлого нет будущего



Никто не забыт, ничто не забыто!
Патриотические сводки от Владимира Кикнадзе
"Внимание к российской истории не должно ослабевать"  // Путин В.В. Послание Президента Российской Федерации Федеральному Собранию. - 2012.
Миграция, демография, управление рисками
Всероссийская военно-историческая олимпиада
Военная безопасность России: взгляд в будущее, Российская академия ракетных и артиллерийских наук, РАРАН /Russia's military security: a look into the future, 2019, Russian Academy of Rocket and Artillery Sciences
Московский морской кадетский корпус "Навигацкая школа"

Наши партнеры

научная электронная библиотека, eLIBRARY, индекс цитирования
Информрегистр НТЦ
Ассоциация научных редакторов и издателей, АНРИ
КиберЛенинка, CyberLeninka
"Военно-исторический журнал". Издание Министерства обороны Российской Федерации // www.history.milportal.ru

Наука. Общество. Оборона. Nauka, obŝestvo, oborona Номер регистрации в Международном центре ISSN