Наука. Общество. Оборона

2020. Т. 8. № 1

2311-1763

Online ISSN

Science. Society. Defense

2020. Vol. 8. № 1


Online First

UDC: 94(47).084.8

DOI: 10.24411/2311-1763-2020-10226

Submitted: October 24, 2019

Published online: December 19, 2019 


For citation:  Vycherov D. A. Military training of schoolchildren in the late 1930s - 1945 (based on materials from Tyumen). Nauka. Obshchestvo. Oborona = Science. Society. Defense. Moscow. 2020;8(1): - .  (In Russ.) DOI: 10.24411/2311-1763-2020-10226.

Conflict of Interest: No conflict of interest related to this article has been reported.

HISTORY OF THE GREAT VICTORY

Original Paper

Military training of schoolchildren in the late 1930s - 1945

(based on materials from Tyumen)

D. A. Vycherov 1, 2

St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation,

ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7972-5615, e-mail: d.a.vycherov@gmail.com

ITMO University, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation,

ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7972-5615, e-mail: d.a.vycherov@gmail.com 

Military training of schoolchildren, 1939 - 1945, Russia, Great Patriotic War, WWII

Abstract:

Introduction. The article discusses the military training that Tyumen children and adolescents received as a part of the school curriculum. On the basis of normative legal acts, documentation of local authorities and witnesses, the course of the educational process and the main difficulties of its implementation in the pre-war period and during the Great Patriotic War are analyzed.

Methods. Special methods of historical research were used in the process of writing the paper. These methods allowed us to identify the reasons why military training classes were introduced in the school curriculum, to analyze the features of the educational process, and also to determine the attitude of children and adolescents to that discipline.

Conclusion. Military training as a separate discipline has been added to the school curriculum since the 1939/1940 school year. During the Great Patriotic War, the central authorities adopted a number of legal acts that expanded the structure of military training at the school. From that moment, military-physical education in the elementary grades was added to the initial and preinduction military training.

The educational process was held with serious difficulties. These were the lack of a sufficient number of specialists and their low level of qualification. In addition, the material and technical base of the city’s schools was unsatisfactory, in particular, there were not enough sports and military equipment and suitable facilities. Despite this, students were interested in mastering knowledge and skills in military affairs. Young men showed particular zeal, as many of them strove to become soldiers of the Red Army.

 

Keywords: 

schoolchildren, military affairs, Great Patriotic War, preinduction military training,

initial military training, military physical education, schools  

References

  1. Potemkin V. F., 1947, Stat'i i rechi po voprosam narodnogo obrazovaniya [Public education articles and speeches]. Pod red. I. A. Kairova, A. G. Kalashnikova, N. A. Konstantinova. M., L.: Izdatel'stvo Akademii pedagogicheskikh nauk RSFSR, 1947. 303 s. (In Russ.).
  2. Sbornik rukovodyashchikh materialov o shkole [School Guidance Book]. Sost. S. N. Sokolov, L. G. Tafintseva. Voronezh: Voronezhskoe oblastnoe knigoizdatel'stvo, 1944. 88 s. (In Russ.).
  3. Chernik S. A., 1984, Sovetskaya obshcheobrazovatel'naya shkola v gody Velikoi Otechestvennoi voiny: istoriko-pedagogicheskoe issledovanie [Soviet comprehensive school during the Great Patriotic War: historical and pedagogical research]. M.: Pedagogika, 1984. 239 s. (In Russ.).
  4. Dustan J., 1997, Soviet Schooling in the Second World War. Palgrave Macmillan UK. 1997. 282 p. 

Information about the author

Dmitriy A. Vycherov, Graduate Student of St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation;  assistant  of  the  Center  of  Social   and   Humanitarian  Knowledge,   ITMO   University, St. Petersburg, Russian Federation.

Corresponding author

Dmitriy A. Vycherov, e-mail: d.a.vycherov@gmail.com.

Наука. Общество. Оборона

2020. Т. 8. № 1

2311-1763

Online ISSN

Science. Society. Defense

2020. Vol. 8. № 1


Популярное

Без знания прошлого нет будущего

Рубрики

Проекты

Никто не забыт, ничто не забыто!
Патриотические сводки от Владимира Кикнадзе
"Внимание к российской истории не должно ослабевать"  // Путин В.В. Послание Президента Российской Федерации Федеральному Собранию. - 2012.
Миграция, демография, управление рисками
Всероссийская военно-историческая олимпиада
Военная безопасность России: взгляд в будущее, Российская академия ракетных и артиллерийских наук, РАРАН /Russia's military security: a look into the future, 2019, Russian Academy of Rocket and Artillery Sciences
Московский морской кадетский корпус "Навигацкая школа"

Наши партнеры

научная электронная библиотека, eLIBRARY, индекс цитирования
Информрегистр НТЦ
Ассоциация научных редакторов и издателей, АНРИ
КиберЛенинка, CyberLeninka
"Военно-исторический журнал". Издание Министерства обороны Российской Федерации // www.history.milportal.ru

Наука. Общество. Оборона. Nauka, obŝestvo, oborona Номер регистрации в Международном центре ISSN