Наука. Общество. Оборона
2020. Т. 8. № 1
Science. Society. Defense
2020. Vol. 8. № 1
Submitted: October 24, 2019
Published online: December 27, 2019
For citation: Moiseev A. N., Moiseeva T. A. Military commissariats as an independent body of local military administration: formation in the interwar period (on the materials of the Middle Volga). Nauka. Obshchestvo. Oborona = Science. Society. Defense. Moscow. 2020;8(1):3-3. (In Russ.)
Conflict of Interest: No conflict of interest related to this article has been reported.
ARMY, GOVERNMENT AND SOCIETY
as an independent body of local military administration:
formation in the interwar period
(on the materials of the Middle Volga)
A. N. Moiseev 1, T. A. Moiseeva 2
1 Ulyanovsk State Pedagogical University them. I. N. Ulyanova, Ulyanovsk, Russian Federation,
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0871-916X, e-mail: email@example.com
2 Syzran branch of Samara State University of Economics, Syzran, Russian Federation,
ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6403-8564, e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Introduction. The article reveals the reasons, features of the emergence and formation of military commissariats as independent bodies of local military command of the Middle Volga during the Civil War and in the interwar period.
The purpose of the research is to improve the structure of the local military command bodies of modern Russia (military commissariats) and increase the level of their work efficiency.
Attention is drawn to the importance of restoring (reforming) the system of bodies of local military command that existed in tsarist Russia by the young Soviet government in the course of a difficult search for forms and methods of creating new Armed Forces. The problems of conscription and mobilization activities in the army and the national economy without the presence of a developed system of local military command and control bodies in the form of local military commissariats and their centralized subordination to military and state government bodies, especially during the threatened period, and under military conditions are shown.
Methods. The main methods of scientific research are applied in the article: general scientific - analysis, induction, deduction, analogy, abstraction, concretization; and special - historical-systemic and historical-comparative.
The content of the article shows the utopianism of the Marxist-Engels theory of the police system of building an army on a voluntary basis and the general arming of the proletariat and peasantry. The creation of the institute of military commissariats, the rejection of the voluntary principle of the formation of the Armed Forces and the transition to the mobilization principle of building an army allowed the Soviet government to create a sufficiently powerful Worker-Peasant Red Army in the shortest possible time and win the Civil War of 1918-1920.
The Institute of Military Commissariats, created at the dawn of Soviet power, modernized during the interwar period, allowed the Soviet government to prepare human, transport and other resources, to organize them mobilized, in the first days, weeks and months after the treacherous attack on the USSR by fascist Germany, to replenish and build up their army throughout the Great Patriotic War.
The value of the study is to emphasize the importance of building a system of local military command and control bodies on the ground, their interaction with each other and along the vertical of state and military government.
Conclusion. The materials of the article can be used in the teaching of the disciplines “History” and “Military History” in power and civilian educational organizations that include military cycles and departments, as well as in the military-historical and military-patriotic work of the military commissariats.
military commissariats, military commissar, military department, agitation, volost, district, provincial, district military commissariats, verification bureau, mobilization work
Information about the authors
Andrey N. Moiseev, Cand. Sci. (Military), Assoc. Prof., Colonel, doctoral student, Department of History, Ulyanovsk state pedagogical University named after I. N. Ulyanov, Deputy head of the branch of the VUNTS of the Air Force "Voyenno-vozdushnaya akademiya" for educational and scientific work in Syzran, Syzran, Russian Federation.
Tatyana A. Moiseeva, Cand. Sci. (History), senior lecturer, Department of social and economic disciplines, Syzran branch of Samara state University of Economics, Syzran, Russian Federation.
Tatyana A. Moiseeva, e-mail: email@example.com.