Наука. Общество. Оборона

2020. Т. 8. № 1

2311-1763

Online ISSN

Science. Society. Defense

2020. Vol. 8. № 1


UDC: 94(470)«1940/1950»

DOI: 10.24411/2311-1763-2020-10230

Submitted: November 18, 2019

Published online: January 21, 2020 


For citation:  Manaev A. Yu. «We will revive you, beloved Stalingrad!»: forming the image of Stalingrad battle in historical memory (1940s - 1950s). Nauka. Obshchestvo. Oborona = Science. Society. Defense. Moscow. 2020;8(1):8-8.  (In Russ.) DOI: 10.24411/2311-1763-2020-10230.

Acknowledgements: The article was prepared with the support of the RFBR grant, project number 18-09-00576.

Conflict of Interest: No conflict of interest related to this article has been reported.

PATRIOTIC EDUCATION

Original Paper

«We will revive you, beloved Stalingrad!»:

forming the image of Stalingrad battle in historical memory, 1940s - 1950s

A. Yu. Manaev 1

Crimean Federal University named V.I. Vernadskiy

Simferopol, Russian Federation,

ORCID: http://orcid.org/0000-0001-5998-0152, e-mail: manaev_1977@mail.ru  

 Abstract:

Introduction. The Battle of Stalingrad is one of the key episodes of Soviet history. The outcome of the battle in many ways determined the further course of the Great Patriotic War. An important issue is the study of the formation of the image of the heroic defense of Stalingrad in the historical memory of the Soviet people. At certain chronological stages, various symbols were elements of the commutation. The present work reveals the peculiarities of memorization of the events of the Battle of Stalin during the 1940-1950’s.

Methods. The study analyzed the main publications revealing the topic of formation of the image of the Battle of Stalingrad in historical memory. A body of archival sources covering the peculiarities of perpetuating the events of the battle on the Volga has been identified. The main directions of memorization of the Battle of Stalingrad are examined, in comparison with the experience of other cities-heroes.

Conclusion. Among the instruments of formation in historical memory of the image of the Battle of Stalingrad in the 1940-50’s a number of key components are distinguished. The most important activity in Stalingrad after the end of the battle was its restoration.  On this background that huge work is unfolding to perpetuate the events of the Battle on the Volga River. Within the framework of «monumental propaganda», monuments are installed in the city in honor of the events of the Great Patriotic War, and obelisks are erected on brotherly graves. The image of the Battle of Stalin and the heroic of the restoration of the city is actively promoted by various artistic means: literary works appear on this topic, films are shot, photo albums are published, a monumental panorama «The Battle of Stalingrad» is created, exhibitions in museums are opened. The images of the «House of Pavlov» and the «Cherkasov’s movement» were widely known as examples of heroic military and labor feats of inhabitants of  Stalingrad.

 

Keywords: 

Stalingrad, Volgograd, Stalingrad battle, Mamaev Kurgan, Great Patriotic War, WWII,

hero cities, historical memory, historical sites 

Героям Сталинградской битвы,  Родина-мать зовёт!, Стоять насмерть, Волгоград, Россия / Monument-ensemble “To the Heroes of the Battle of Stalingrad”: the main monument “Motherland is Calling!” And the sculpture “Stand to Death”, Volgograd, Russia
Monument-ensemble “To the Heroes of the Battle of Stalingrad”: “Motherland is Calling!”, “Stand to Death”, Volgograd

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Information about the author

Alexandr Yu. Manaev, Cand. Sci. (History), Assoc. Prof. of the Department of Russian History of Crimean Federal University named V.I. Vernadskiy, Simferopol, Russian Federation.

Corresponding author

Alexandr Yu. Manaev, e-mail: manaev_1977@mail.ru

Наука. Общество. Оборона

2020. Т. 8. № 1

2311-1763

Online ISSN

Science. Society. Defense

2020. Vol. 8. № 1


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